19th Conference of Parties to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (COP19) Study Guide

satriaHonorable Delegates,

My name is Satria Nur Sya’ban. I am in my third year studying in Med School Univeristas Airlangga. I hail from where my biases have convinced me to be the greatest city that is Jakarta. My interests range from reading the first 20 pages of an interesting book in a bookstore, to wandering in neighborhoods in hopes of discovering new cafes, to bonding with friends over complaints about how many papers there is to write. But seriously, I also really enjoy photographing.

My involvement in Model UN dates back to the beginning of my last year of high school when I was in Jakarta, and my enthusiasm for MUN has only grown ever since. Now, a college student, I continue to involve myself in Model UN. In addition to that, I am also a member of Standing Committee on Research Exchange Center for Indonesian Medical Students’ Activities (SCORE CIMSA) Universitas Airlangga.

It is with distinguished honor that I welcome you to the 19th conference of Parties to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change. I foresee a great, lively, engaged, stimulating, and perhaps even at times heated, debate ahead of us in the 19th Conference of Parties in Warsaw this upcoming November as we gather to address what is perhaps one of the most defining issues of our community, climate change.

As the Kyoto Protocol expires, the need to generate a new agenda for our environmental effort is upon us again. We must draw useful lessons from the our previous efforts, apply them to our changing world, and confront the challenges to development that lies ahead of us. The future of our environmental effort lies in your very hands and minds. It is altogether timely and necessary that we gather to evaluate the past actions and re-imagine our community and our world that is ahead of us.

I cannot wait to meet you.

Yours,

Satria Nur Sya’ban, Director

COP19-UNFCCC

Email satriansb@gmail.com

19th Conference of Parties to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (COP19)

The United Nation Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) establishes an overall framework for intergovernmental efforts to address climate change. The Convention’s ultimate objective is the stabilization of greenhouse gas concentrations at a level that will prevent dangerous anthropocentric interference with the climate system. The Convention itself does not establish binding limits on greenhouse gas emissions for individual countries and contains no enforcement mechanisms. Rather, it provides a framework for the negotiation of specific protocols, which may then establish binding limits. The most relevant of these is Kyoto Protocol.

The UNFCCC’s Conference of the Parties (COP), which currently comprises 194 state parties, meets annually to progress implementation of the Convention. Each party has one vote and regional economic integration organisations (e.g. the European Union) are able to vote collectively. The 19th Conference of Parties to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (COP19) will exclusively address the issue of the Post-Kyoto Protocol that, per the Durban 2011 Platform, is intended to be developed by 2015 and in force by 2020.

Topic: The Questions of a Post-Kyoto Protocol Framework Addressing Climate Change

As greenhouse gas emissions continue to increase, we have embarked on an unprecedented experiment with an uncertain outcome for the future of the planet. The Kyoto Protocol serves as an initial step through 2012 to mitigate the threats posed by global climate change. A second step is needed, and policymakers, scholars, business people, and environmentalists have begun debating the structure of the successor to the Kyoto agreement. COP19 aims to discuss a wide-ranging menu of options for post-Kyoto climate policy, with a concern throughout to learn from past experience in order to maximize opportunities for future success in the real, “second-best” world.

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